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» Veterinary Surgery Division

Major Achievements

Colic surgery performed underbalanced
anaesthetic techniques

Orthopaedic surgery

  • Developed techniques for preservation and application of different allogenic and xenogenic bone grafts, and evaluation of different bioceramics as bone graft substitutes for repair of bone defects.
  • Used different bone inducers like hormones, enzymes, growth factors, herbal drugs and cells for accelerating bone healing was established.
  • Bone plates developed from bovine horn were evaluated for treatment of long bone fractures.
  • Different designs of circular, linear and hybrid external skeletal fixators were developed for fracture fixation in large animals.
  • A novel technique of epoxy-pin fixation was developed for treatment of open contaminated fractures in small animals, birds, small ruminants, foals and calves.
  • Interlocking nails and designer locking plates were developed for the internal fixation of fractures in different long bones of cattle and buffaloes.

Tissue regeneration

Biomaterials for the reconstruction
of corneal defects in dogs
  • Efficacy of various herbal and homeopathic medicines for promotion of wound healing was established, calendula-glycerin combination was used for effective management of burn wounds.
  • Different biological dressings were evaluated for repair of cutaneous wounds.
  • The techniques of application of bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells and bone marrow nucleated cells to accelerate healing of skin wounds, bone fractures, articular cartilage defects, nerve and spinal cord injuries were developed.
  • Allogenic stem cell therapy was successfully used for the first time in India to treat spinal cord injuries in paraplegic dogs and repair of damaged cardiac muscles.

Anaesthesia and pain management

  • The concept and technique of preemptive analgesia was developed using ketamine, α-2 agonists, opioids, NSAIDs and local anaesthetics.
  • A new method of sedation and analgesia using intranasal diazepam and ketamine for neonatal puppies was developed.
  • Techniques of spinal and epidural anaesthesia for ruminants were developed using different alpha-2 adrenergic agonists, local anaesthetics and ketamine.
  • A unique combination of xylazine and ketamine was developed for the first time for epidural analgesia.
  • Safe anaesthetic protocols were developed for uremic animals.
  • Effective and safe techniques of total intravenous and continuous infusion anaesthesia were developed for large animals using newer combinations of α-2 agonists and general anaesthetics.
  • Techniques of inhalation anaesthesia using halothane and isoflurane were standardized for large animal use.
  • Developed safe anaesthetic protocols to undertake complex surgeries in equine with gastrointestinal obstruction.

Development of biomaterials.

  • Different biomaterials were developed from skin, bovine diaphragm, pericardium, aorta and small intestinal sub-mucosa.
  • Techniques were developed for decellularization, de-epithelization and cross linking of biomaterials like diaphragm, pericardium, blood vessels, urinary bladder, skin, intestines and gall bladder to enhance the tensile strength, shelf life and tissue integration.
  • Cost effective biological materials for reconstruction of urinary bladder, abdominal wall defects, tendons and peripheral nerves were also developed and used in clinical cases.
  • Three dimensional (3-D) bioengineered scaffolds were prepared by seeding the fibroblasts/mesenchymal stem cells on the acellular collagenous matrices, and evaluated for reconstruction of full thickness skin wounds in animals.
  • Biomaterials like amnion, porcine small intestinal sub-mucosa and porcine cornea were evaluated to provide tectonic function and aid healing of corneal ulcers and were successfully used for repair of corneal defects in clinical cases.


  • A minimally invasive technique of percutaneous tube cystostomy along with urine acidifier was developed for calves and goats, the technique was further refined to develop a novel ‘no-scalpel tube cystostomy’ for goats for field use.
  • A technique of para-anal tube cystostomy was developed for bullocks, particularly for cases of ruptured urinary bladder.

Tumour research

  • Genetic markers were identified for early diagnosis of mammary tumours.
  • Developed immunotherapy protocols for horn cancer and penile tumours using lymphocyte activated killer cells, and chemotherapy protocols for management of canine mammary tumours.


  • Electro-acupuncture therapy was used successfully for postoperative rehabilitation in cases of fractures, arthritis, back pain and posterior paresis.
  • Protocols for short wave diathermy, therapeutic ultrasound, TENS, interferential therapy and static magnetic field were also standardized for early rehabilitation of dogs with hind quarter weakness.

Diagnostic imaging

  • A technique for determination of cardiac volume by radiographic procedures was standardized.
  • Cholecystography technique was standardized for the evaluation of hepatic insufficiency in goats.
  • Contrast radiographic techniques were developed for evaluation of intestinal healing, and visualization of different tissues and organs.
  • Developed a technique to measure the cardiac index in canines using ultrasonography.
  • Normal reference ranges of echocardiography parameters for Labrador retriever, Indian Spitz and mongrel breeds were reported for the first time for early diagnosis of cardiac disorders.
Designer locking plate and tubular interlocking
nail developed for femur of large ruminants
Interlocking nail and designer locking plate developed
for tibial fracture repair in large ruminants
Bone scaffold preparation and its successful integration in an
experimental rabbit and clinical case of bone loss in a dog
Epoxy-pin fixation and Novel bilateral External
Skeletal Fixator used for fracture treatment
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